Why did Britain colonize Myanmar?
In the early 1800s, the British government, motivated by profit and security, marched into the Southeast Asian nation of Burma, also known today as Myanmar. A Buddhist country rich in natural resources, Burma was an expansionist power that bordered India, one of Great Britain’s most prized colonies.
Was Burma once a British colony?
The British colony of Burma was part of the British run-state in India, the Empire of India, from 1824 to 1937. Burma was separated from the rest of the Indian Empire in 1937, just ten years before India became an independent country, in 1947.
When was Myanmar first inhabited?
The earliest inhabitants of recorded history were a Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who established the Pyu city-states ranged as far south as Pyay and adopted Theravada Buddhism. Another group, the Bamar people, entered the upper Irrawaddy valley in the early 9th century.
How long has Myanmar been a country?
The British East India Company seized control of the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century, and the country became a British colony. After a brief Japanese occupation, Myanmar was reconquered by the Allies and granted independence in 1948.
How long did Britain rule Burma?
British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the successive three Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence. The region under British control was known as British Burma.
Why did Myanmar separated from India?
The Anglo-Burman and Domiciled European Community of Burma stated that they wanted separation from India so that the country could create an immigration act to “keep out undesirable aliens”. These organisations were more concerned about Chinese migrants arriving in Burma.
What was Myanmar previously known as?
The choice of names stems from the existence of two different names for the country in Burmese, which are used in different contexts. The official English name was changed by the country’s government from the “Union of Burma” to the “Union of Myanmar” in 1989, and still later to the “Republic of the Union of Myanmar”.
Is the first premier of Burma?
Burma gained independence from Britain on 4 January 1948. U Nu became the chairman of the Old Myoma Students Association in Yangon. He became the first Prime Minister of independent Burma, and he had to deal with armed rebellion.
Who first settled in Myanmar?
Historically known as Burma, the origins of the people of Myanmar can be traced to the Indo-Aryans who first settled the area in the 7th century BC and Mongolians who invaded the region under Khan in the 13th century AD, which some English influence added in during the British Empire era.
Was Myanmar rich before?
At the end of British rule, Myanmar was the second richest country in Southeast Asia. Because of years of isolationist policies, it is now one of the poorest, and around 26 percent of the population lives in poverty. … From 1962 until 2011, Myanmar was ruled by the Tatmadaw military.