Does Vietnam have sweatshops?
Vietnam, which is one of the world’s largest garment manufacturers and supplies fashion chains such as Zara and H&M, is home to over 6,000 garment and textile factories that employ about 3 million people, government figures showed. …
How many factory workers are there in Vietnam?
In 2020, the share of employment by the manufacturing sector in Vietnam was at 22.8 percent. In 2019, the manufacturing sector employed about 11.3 million people, making it the sector with the second-highest share of employment in the country.
What are the labor laws in Vietnam?
Vietnamese labor law is generally considered employee-friendly. The law only allows for two consecutive fixed-term labor contracts (of one to three years); thereafter, the next contract must be an indefinite-term contract. It is difficult to discipline or fire an employee without internal labor rules in writing.
Does Vietnam have low wages?
Vietnam’s statutory minimum wage is far below what a person needs to cover the essentials such as food, housing, healthcare and education. But even the wages most garment workers earn on top of the minimum wage fall short of what is considered a living wage.
Is there child Labour in Vietnam?
Over 1.75 million Vietnamese children, 9.6 percent of the population of people under 18 in the country, are laborers. Child Labor in Vietnam consists of children who are forced to work long hours, normally with little to no pay, in crowded factories or on agricultural farms.
What is the most common job in Vietnam?
In 2020, almost 17.73 million people worked in the agriculture, forestry, and fishing sector in Vietnam, making this sector the largest employer among all industries. By comparison, the manufacturing industry employed approximately 11.3 million people, the second-highest number of employed population that year.
What is the unemployment rate in Vietnam?
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Vietnam unemployment rate for 2020 was 2.27%, a 0.23% increase from 2019. Vietnam unemployment rate for 2019 was 2.04%, a 0.88% increase from 2018.
How many people are employed by Nike in Vietnam?
The five Nike factories in Vietnam, owned by Korean and Taiwanese subcontractors, employed over 35,000 people, predominantly young women, who left village farms to earn better wages.
How are workers treated in Vietnam?
About 79 percent of Vietnam’s labour force, including a large number of migrants, is employed in the informal economy. … Both migrant and informal workers often face poor working and living conditions, with low and insecure incomes, long working hours and precarious employment.
How many hours do Nike factory workers work?
Approximately 75 to 80% of workers are women and a majority of those are in their teens or early twenties. Factory jobs may require women to work long hours, ranging from nine to fourteen hours per day, six days a week.
How much do Vietnamese garment workers make?
In 2018, the base wage for garment workers was at 4.46 million Vietnamese dong for Region I. In that year, the minimum monthly wages for Region I was at 3.98 million Vietnamese dong.
Why are sweatshops called sweatshops?
The term “sweatshop” is derived from the “sweating system” of production and its use of “sweated labor.” At the heart of the sweating system are the contractors.