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When did the Dutch colonized Indonesia?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies. Revolt against the oppressing colonizers soon built up throughout the country.
How did the Dutch affect Indonesia?
Starting in the 1830s, the Dutch instituted a sugar-growing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country.
How did the Dutch gain control of Indonesia?
In 1602, the Dutch parliament awarded the VOC a monopoly on trade and colonial activities in the region at a time before the company controlled any territory in Java. In 1619, the VOC conquered the West Javan city of Jayakarta, where they founded the city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta).
Why did the Dutch invade Indonesia?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
What was the Dutch policy in Indonesia?
The Ethical Policy (acknowledging that the Dutch had a debt of honour towards the Indonesians) was aimed at raising the living standards of the native population. The means to accomplish this was direct state intervention in (economic) life, promoted under the slogan ‘irrigation, education and emigration’.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
The Dutch finally ended all resistance to the superior Japanese forces on March 8, surrendering on Java. Java’s independence of colonial control became a final fact of history in 1950, when it became part of the newly independent Republic of Indonesia.
How did the presence of the Dutch alter affect Indonesian society?
The Dutch brought new technology over to Indonesia. After they became an independent country, they even elected a president. Negative Effects: The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.