When did France colonize Cambodia?
Cambodia became a French protectorate in 1864. In 1867, it joined Vietnam (Cochin China, Annan and Tonkin) to form French Indochina. Laos was added later. During the French colonial period, Cambodia was a sleepy backwater ruled by feudal lords and dominated by Buddhism.
How did France use Cambodian resources?
In 1858 France first appeared in Indo-China. … This agreement afforded the Cambodian monarch French protection (in the form of a French official called a résident — in French resident) in exchange for giving the French rights to explore and to exploit the kingdom’s mineral and forest resources.
Why did Vietnam invade Cambodia?
Vietnam launched an invasion of Cambodia in late December 1978 to remove Pol Pot. Two million Cambodians had died at the hands of his Khmer Rouge regime and Pol Pot’s troops had conducted bloody cross-border raids into Vietnam, Cambodia’s historic enemy, massacring civilians and torching villages.
How did Vietnam fight for independence from France?
When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. … In response, the Viet Minh launched an attack against the French in Hanoi on December 19, 1946—the beginning of the First Indochina War.