Why is the Mekong River important to China?
The Mekong River provides water, energy and food to six countries in South-East Asia. … China has built 11 of the world’s largest dams on its portion of the river, with plans to construct several more. Those dams store more than 47 billion cubic metres of water and can generate more than 21,000 megawatts of electricity.
When did China dam the Mekong?
China completed its first mainstream hydropower dam on the Mekong, the Manwan dam in Yunnan province, in 1995, and has since planned and built 10 more.
What is China doing to damage the Mekong River?
China’s Dam-Building Is Harming the Mekong River
The water flow of the Mekong has hit record lows, caused by a reduction in rainfall and upstream hydropower dams, according to a report. The Mekong River at Sangkhom district in the northeastern Thai province of Nong Khai, with Laos seen on the right bank.
What is the primary benefit of building hydroelectric dams on the Mekong River?
The impact on the 65 million people who rely on the Mekong and its tributaries for food and their livelihoods can no longer be overlooked. Hydropower dams block fish migrations and negatively affect fisheries downstream, consequently impacting fisheries, food security, and the health of people throughout the basin .
Where is the Mekong River dam?
The Xayaburi Dam is a run-of-river hydroelectric dam on the Lower Mekong River, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Sainyabuli (Xayaburi) town in northern Laos. Commercial operation of the dam started in October 2019.