Why is Raffles the founder of Singapore?
Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.
Is William Farquhar the real founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
Why did British choose Singapore?
By then, Raffles and his party had concluded in a survey that Singapore was an ideal location. Not only did it have abundant drinking water and a natural sheltered harbour formed by the mouth of the Singapore River, the island was also strategically placed along the British trade route leading to the Straits of China.
Who named Singapore?
Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.
How did crawfurd help to develop Singapore?
As a vigorous proponent of free trade, Crawfurd abolished anchorage and other port fees, making Singapore unique as a port that was free from tariffs and port charges. … The treaty ceded to the EIC all rights to Singapore and the islands within 10 geographical miles of its shores.
How did Singapore begin?
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire. In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
What does the name Farquhar mean?
Scottish (Aberdeenshire): reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Fhearchair ‘son of Fearchar’, a personal name composed of the elements fear ‘man’ + car ‘loving’, ‘beloved’.