Why the Philippines has the greatest biodiversity in the world?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
What is unique about the biodiversity?
Other species which have high diversity here include birds, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies, dragonflies, freshwater fishes, and plants. Biodiversity is being lost every day via climate change, pollution, the introduction of invasive species, over-hunting, and the destruction and fragmentation of habitats.
Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?
Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. … On larger islands mountain peaks separated by swaths of lowlands further isolated species, preventing interbreeding and gene flow between populations.
How does biodiversity differ from Philippines biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What is biodiversity in your own words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.