Does Vietnamese have a subjunctive tense?
The Vietnamese situation, as described by Tran, is very similar, except that the grammatical culprit supposedly present in English and absent in Vietnamese, the subjunctive, does exist. The only problem is that English does not really have a subjunctive, in the same sense that French, Armenian, or Russian do.
What languages do not have subjunctive?
Slavic languages don’t have the subjunctive as a separate mode (or mood) as we do: present, imperfect and future (for Spanish and Portuguese) subjunctive. The constructions with бы/by are close in meaning to some of the instances of the subjunctive, but are not equivalent in all cases.
What languages have a subjunctive?
The subjunctive – sometimes called the “conjunctive” – is found in many European languages – French, Portuguese, Italian, German, and even Welsh, to name just a few. English speakers often struggle to learn it. The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense.
Do all languages have subjunctive mood?
The subjunctive mood retains a highly distinct form for nearly all verbs in Portuguese, Spanish and Italian (among other Latin languages), and for a number of verbs in French. … In many cases, the Romance languages use the subjunctive in the same ways that English does; however, they use them in other ways as well.
Does English have a subjunctive?
English does not have a distinct subjunctive verb form, since the bare verb form is not exclusively subjunctive. It is also used in other constructions such as imperatives and infinitivals. … For almost all verbs, the bare form is syncretic with the present tense form used in all persons except the third person singular.
Does Russian have subjunctive?
In Russian language, along with verbs of indicative mood there are also verbs of subjunctive and imperative mood. Verbs of subjunctive mood designate actions which one wants to happen, or just possible ones, under certain circumstances.
Why does Spanish have the subjunctive?
The subjunctive is used to express desires, doubts, wishes, conjectures, emotions, and possibilities. The subjunctive mood includes many of the same verb tenses as the indicative mood, including the perfect, the past, and the future, which is rarely used in modern Spanish, but good to know for literature.
Does Hebrew have subjunctive?
There is no subjunctive case in Hebrew. Most actions that would be marked as subjunctive in Romance languages (actions that are desired, requested, etc…) are expressed using “שֶֹׁ + עתיד” (she [that] + future).
Does Arabic have subjunctive?
The subjunctive case in Arabic Posted by aziza on Oct 10, 2009 in Grammar. … However, there is another case which is called the subjunctive (المضارع المنصوب); in which verbs take short /a/ (الفتحة), and if the verb ends in one of suffixes (ون، ان، ين), the final (ن) is deleted.
Do Spanish speakers use the subjunctive?
Absolutely not. The subjunctive mood is key in Spanish and it works both on a grammatical and a semantic level. Sometimes its use is necessary just because a given verb requires it (grammatical level), and sometimes its use will change the meaning of the sentence (semantic level).