What was Vietnam formerly known as when it was a French colony?

What was Vietnam and its neighbors formerly known as when it was a French colony?

Indochina The name sometimes given to the peninsula between India and China in Southeast Asia. The term narrowly refers to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which were united under the name French Indochina during the colonial period, 1893–1954.

What was Vietnam previously called?

Names of Vietnam

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1839–1945 Đại Nam
1887–1954 Đông Dương (Bắc Kỳ, Trung Kỳ, Nam Kỳ)
from 1945 Việt Nam
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When was Vietnam a French colony?

Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.

Why was Vietnam colonized by France?

The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.

Who colonized Vietnam?

French Colonization

The French colonized Vietnam in the mid-1800s, and over the next century exploited the land and forced the people into indentured servitude.

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What is Indochina called today?

The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.

When did Vietnam change its name?

In 1975, the North of Vietnam won the war and changed the name of Saigon to Ho Chi Minh City, in honour of the prime minister, a revolutionary leader of the communist party. The name change was not voluntary on the part of those living in the South; it was a statement of the North’s success.

How Vietnam got its name?

The term Vietnam dates from the early 19th century, when the Nguyen dynasty was founded. The Vietnamese government of this time was on very close terms with China, and the name was probably a compound derived from Dai Viet and Annam. Like the Chinese before them, modern colonial powers also avoided the term Viet.

What are common Vietnamese names?

The most common are Le, Pham, Tran, Ngo, Vu, Do, Dao, Duong, Dang, Dinh, Hoang and Nguyen – the Vietnamese equivalent of Smith. About 50 percent of Vietnamese have the family name Nguyen. The given name, which appears last, is the name used to address someone, preceded by the appropriate title.