Why is it called Indochina?
The term Indochina (originally Indo-China) was coined in the early nineteenth century, emphasizing the cultural influence of Indian and Chinese civilizations on the area. The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam).
Why was French Indochina divided?
In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. … On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region.
Which countries made up French Indochina and for what reasons?
French Indochina was formed on October 17, 1887, from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam), and the Kingdom of Cambodia. Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893. The French adopted a policy of assimilation rather than association.
What modern countries made up the French colonies of Indochina?
Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.
What countries made up Indochina?
Indochina comprises five countries: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. These coun- tries share natural resources centering on the Mekong River, which flows from north to south through the center of the Indochinese peninsula, and are closely related economically, culturally and historically.
How was Indochina divided?
Geneva Accords: The 1954 settlement that ended the First Indochina War, reached at the end of the Geneva Conference. … French Indochina was split into three countries: Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Vietnam was to be temporarily divided along the 17th Parallel until elections could be held to unite the country.
How did the Viet Minh defeated the French?
As the Viet Minh anti-aircraft fire took its toll, fewer and fewer of those supplies reached the French. The garrison was overrun in May after a two-month siege, and most of the French forces surrendered.
Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
|Date||13 March – 7 May 1954 (1 month, 3 weeks and 3 days)|
|Result||Democratic Republic of Vietnam victory|
What was a goal of French expansion into Asia?
The French wanted to ensure that they had control over the actions of other, less desirable countries. The map shows French expansion in the 1900s. France controlled about half of the Siamese peninsula.
How did Indochina gain independence from France?
French government troops were defeated by Vietminh rebels near Dienbienphu on May 7, 1954. … Under the Geneva Agreements, France agreed to withdraw its troops from Indochina, and agreed to the independence of South Vietnam and North Vietnam on December 29, 1954.
What did the French want from Indochina?
From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina. When the French first became interested in Indochina French missionaries sought to convert the Vietnamese to Catholicism, the religion of France.
Is Vietnam still communist?
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.